Seven Thing’s I’ve Learned about FM Synthesis – Revised

I’ve made a revision to the FM synthesis paper, originally posted in 2008.

There is more I would like to do:

  • Create an FM synthesis explorer implemented in Pure Data
  • Use this paper as the basis for a video; I would love to have a multimedia presentation of the example CSound score rendering.
  • Work on the other “What to Learn Next” items listed in the paper itself:
    • Modulating the modulation function (cascade) to create additional side-bands
    • Feedback (self modulation)
    • Summing multiple sinusoidal modulators (Parallel modulators)
    • Non sinusoidal carriers and/or modulators: noise, audio, etc…

Please feel free to use this paper in anyway you see fit, just please make an appropriate citation: (replace italicized text with actual access date.)


Liszewski, Dan. “Seven Thing’s I’ve Learned about FM Synthesis.” Bigwinky. Bigwinky Enterprises, 24 May 2016. Web. dd Month 20YY. <>.


Liszewski, D. (2016, May 24). Seven Thing’s I’ve Learned about FM Synthesis. Retrieved Month dd, 20yy, from


Liszewski, Dan. “Seven Thing’s I’ve Learned about FM Synthesis.” Bigwinky. May 24, 2016. Accessed Month dd, 20yy.

201604 Monthly Playlist for April 2016

201604 Monthly Playlist for April 2016

The April playlist is late; here it is May 10th and I’m just now posting the listing.

April is (was) Jazz Appreciation Month so, this month’s collection is all Jazz!

Miles Davis – They Don’t Know – All Blues
Billie Holiday – Legendär – Die Diva Kollektion – 130 Klassiche Aufnahmen – All of Me
Charlie Parker – A Slowboat to China – Ornithology
Horace Silver – Blowin’ The Blues Away – Sister Sadie (Rudy Van Gelder Edition) [1999 – Remastered]
Carmen McRae – Good Times 5 – Take Five
The Duke Ellington Orchestra – The Perfect Wedding Music: Jazz for Guests’ Arrival and Mingling – Cottontail
Charlie Parker – Great Jazz Artists: The Best of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie – Donna Lee
Jelly Roll Morton – Jelly Roll Morton – Black Bottom Stomp (1988 Remastered)
Miles Davis – Playlist: The Very Best Of Miles Davis – Stella By Starlight
John Coltrane – Giant Steps – Giant Steps
John Coltrane – Coltrane (Deluxe Edition) – Impressions
Bill Evans – The History of Jazz Vol. 11 – Waltz for Debby
Wes Montgomery – Verve Jazz Masters 14 – Con Alma
Thelonious Monk – Reflections – Remember
Count Basie – Count Basie & His Orchestra. Greatest Hits. 15 Songs – Corner Pocket
Duke Ellington – Duke Ellington & John Coltrane – Big Nick
Elvin Jones – Earth Jones – Three Card Molly (feat. David Liebman, terumasa hino, George Mraz & Kenny Kirkland)
Stan Kenton – Easy Go (The 1950-52 Jazz Band) – Riff Rhapsody
Biréli Lagrène – Gipsy Project – Lime House Blues
Sam Yahel – Hometown – Think Of One
Sarah Vaughan – Turn Off Your Phone & Press Play… – You Stepped Out Of A Dream (Rerecorded)
Duke Ellington – Jazz Party In Stereo – U.M.M.G
Miles Davis – Miles Ahead – New Rhumba
Thelonious Monk Quartet – Monk’S Dream – Just A Gigolo
Charles Mingus – Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus – Hora Decubitus
John Coltrane – Everytime We Say Goodbye – Everytime We Say Goodbye
Oscar Peterson – Quartet Vol.1 – Makin’ Whoopee (Instrumental)
Herbie Hancock – Blue Note 101: Jazz And Coffee – Driftin’
Wes Montgomery – Tequila – Tequila
Horace Silver – Jazz and Funk – The Jody Grind
The Johnny Coles Quartet – The Warm Sound – Hi-Fly
Oscar Peterson – Walkman Jazz : Oscar Peterson – The Shadow Of Your Smile
Louie Bellson – The Louis Bellson Explosion – The Intimacy of the Blues
Miles Davis – They Don’t Know – Freddie Freeloader